What is Phaco Surgery?

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Phaco- emulsification is the technique by which cataract is broken into small pieces and removed from the eye using ultrasound with the help of a special phaco equipment. The actual cataract operation is carried out through a 2.5 to 2.8 mm incision with the help of a titanium needle vibrating at the rate of more than 40,000 times per second.

In early days routine cataract operation is carried out through an incision which is 8 to 10 mm in length through which first cataract is removed and then an intraocular lens is implanted. In Phaco- emulsification technique, cataract removal is done through 2.5 mm to 2.8 mm opening only ( maximum it is extended to 5 mm) for implantation of the intraocular lens and this avoid the necessary for stitches to close the wound and reduce the amount of glasses required for distant vision. Very rarely only a single stitch may be needed.

Benefits of Phaco surgery:

  • No hospitalization - Walk in, Walk out surgery.
  • Smaller incision- hence lesser complications related to the incision size.
  • Lesser induced astigmatism because of smaller incision.
  • No bandages minimal precautions.
  • No restriction on normal activities. Can join work from next morning.
  • Fast recovery of good vision in a matter of days.
  • Final spectacles at one or two weeks.
  • Early visual rehabilitation.

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